Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is sudden and severe dizziness.


  • It is the disease to generate vertigo(dizziness) and nystagmus(spontaneous eye movements) as you move your head
    in a certain direction.
  • It frequently occurs in women at 40 years old or higher. When you move the head in a certain direction in a sitting or
    lying position, vertigo and nystagmus occurs. Vertigo occurs repeatedly, but it disappears within 40 seconds.
    Nystagmus is directed towards the lesions in directions of rotation and horizontal.
  • Otolith, head injury, prolonged bed life, aging, auditory nerve tumor, infections, vestibular neuritis, otitis media
    and taking drug with ototoxicity may work as the triggers.


  • Diagnosis of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is simple.
  • If you feel dizzy when you move your head, you should suspect this disease.
  • Your doctor confirms the diagnosis by medical history hearing and nystagmus provocative test.
    Most of other findings are normal and CT or MRI on brain is not required.


  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is naturally healed.
  • Most of them are spontaneously recovered within a few weeks or a few months. However, in rare cases,
    it may last for long period of time.
  • Avoid the position of head causing dizziness and avoid the dangerous exercise.
  • In addition, you can see the effect by doing the body positional exercises illustrated in the following.
  • If necessary, you can take stabilizer or anti-vertigo agent according to the prescription of your doctor.
  • In rare cases, it may last for more than a year or the surgery may be conducted if it does not respond to the medication.
Body Positional Exercise

Body Positional Exercise