Depression which is the common cold in mind
Depression is a disease of the brain that anyone can easily get. In other words, it can be called the common cold in mind.
If you miss the right timing for treatment of a cold, it can develop to a severe disease. Similarly, the depression can be cured,
but it can be a severe disease which may lead to suicide if it is not treated. 10~25% of women and 5~12% of men may
experience the symptoms of depression for a lifetime. It has been known that only 4~6% is diagnosed as major depression,
which is half level. Since people experience significant discomfort and disorder with mild depression which is not diagnosed
as major depression, it is recommended to get treatment as soon as possible. However, less than 10% of those who have
mild depression recognize symptom of depression as the disease and get treatment.
- There are a variety of causes of depression. The most important thing is the change in brain function. Various personal and
social causes induce the depression, but imbalance of serotonin and norepinephrine which are neurotransmitters between
nerve cells in the brain finally causes the depression.
- Therefore, a lot of medication is used to treat depression. These drugs regulate the activity of these neurotransmitters to
improve depressed mood and energy.
- Stress also affects the depression. Variety of good and bad stress, financial problems, and life events such as interpersonal
relationships play an important role to cause the depression.
- Physical disease also affects depression. Physical diseases such as thyroid disease, hypertension, diabetes and cancer cause
the depression. Depression may cause these physical diseases or worsen them.
- In addition, alcohol or other drugs affect it. For example, depression typically encourages drinking, and drinking strengthens
depression again which leads to a vicious cycle.
- Depressed mood, sad thinking and worry which are repetitive and difficult to get out of it
- Decreased interest in their favorite activities
- Cumbersome and annoying sense in everything
- Negative thoughts about the future and idea in which I am useless
- Cannot sleep or waking up early
- Changes in appetite such as loss of appetite or binge
- Reduced concentration
- Agitation, anxiety and tension
- Memory loss and fatigue
- Decrease in sexual libido
- Physical symptoms include as headache, gastrointestinal disorders, chronic pain, dizziness, vomiting or nausea.
Various antidepressants which regulate activities of
neurotransmitters in the brain are used. It takes 3~6 weeks
to show the effects. This duration is the time to restore
the brain functions back to normal. In addition, drugs should
be maintained for at least 6~12 months to prevent the
recurrence after it is improved. Antidepressants are effective
for anxiety, depression, tension reduction and quality of sleep.
It does not have addictive side effects and side effects are
usually slight. If you find the side effect, you can stop taking
the drug and change it. You would not have any problems.
Cognitive behavioral therapy
it is the counseling technique to develop methods to change
negative thoughts about themselves, environment and future
which patients with depression have and encourage them
to find the positive thoughts by themselves and handle
the current problems.
It is done with medication therapy. Counseling for
psychosocial stress or mental inner conflict, interpersonal
problems, and personal characteristics is carried out.
To Overcome Depression
- pleasant mind and positive thinking
- Regular exercise: aerobic exercise for 30 minutes or more three times a week
- Healthy meals: water, fresh fruits and vegetables, vitamins and mineral supplements
- Regular sleeping habits
- Vigorous outdoor activities
- Ongoing counseling with friends, family members and professionals
The efforts of family members and friends
- Describe that it is not a simple depression but a disease to be treated, and help him/her to get treated.
- Have some time to take a walk together in order to get the sunlight
- Sufficiently listen to patient and sympathize with him/her
- Do not criticize the symptoms and be careful not to give premature advice or pressure
- If the suicide is mentioned, let him consult with professionals.
- Since it is highly likely to recur if treatment for depression is stopped when it is improved, encourage him/her
to maintain the treatment.