Dietary guidelilne for diabetes

Principle of Diabetic Diet

  • Regular eating habit
  • Proper nutrition intake
  • Balanced distribution of three great nutrients
  • Harmonization of exercise and medication therapies

Regular Eating Habit

  • Avoid overeating and unbalanced diet, and regularly eat moderate amount of food at a given time
    three times a day.
  • Calories per day

    • Daily Required Calories = Standard Weight X Calories by Activities
    • Standard Weight(kg) = Height(m) X Height(m) X 21
  • Daily required calories for adults

    • Light activities, elderly people : standard weight X 25~30(calories/day)
    • Ordinary activities : standard weight X 30~35(calories/day)
    • Severe activities : standard weight X 35~40(calories/day)
  • Daily calories suits a person(kcal)

    Daily calories suits a person(kcal)
    Height (cm) Appropriate Amout of Meal (kcal)
    150 cm or Less 1400 kcal
    150 ~ 160 cm 1400 ~ 1600 kcal
    161 ~ 170 cm 1600 ~ 1800 kcal
    171 ~ 180 cm 1800 ~ 2000 kcal
    181 cm or Higher 2100 kcal
    • In order to eat the daily recommended foods which are right for you, use the food exchange table.
    • Food exchange table classifies foods that we eat in everyday life into six groups of food based on similar
      compositions of nutrients. The same unit can be exchanged and eaten.
    • graingroup

      Grain Group

    • Fish & Meat Group

      Fish & Meat Group

    • Vegetable Group

      Vegetable Group

    • Fat Group

      Fat Group

    • Milk Group

      Milk Group

    • Fruit Group

      Fruit Group

    • For intake of balanced nutrients, exchange unit number of each food group which suits you is determined.
    • Exchange unit number of each food group by daily intake calories is determined to make the distribution
      of nutrients of diabetic meal in 55~60% of a total calories, 15~20% of proteins and 20~25% of fat.

Precautions and eating tips when eating diabetic meals

  • Time for meals is regular and you can eat snack(milk or fruits) between meals.
  • Eat food which has a lot of fiber in the list of allowable foods.(Eat brown rice and vegetables a lot).
  • Avoid foods that contain a lot of sugar(Cookie, honey, chocolate milk, canned fruits and sweet rice drink)
  • Avoid alcohol, tobacco and soft drinks.
  • When you go out to eat, avoid foods that contain a lot of sugar, fried food, Chinese food and foods with unknown ingredients.
  • When you feel hungry, you can eat foods with low calories and large volume
    (leafy vegetables, seaweed, barley tea and clear gravy).